Detroit casinos have paid $4.5 billion in taxes to state, city since launch of commercial gambling – Crain's Detroit Business

Detroit’s three casinos have paid approximately $4.5 billion in taxes to the state of Michigan and city of Detroit since the launch of commercial gambling in the city, the Michigan Gaming Control Board said Monday, which marks the 20th anniversary of when the Michigan Gaming & Revenue Act went into effect.

Gov. John Engler signed the legislation July 17, 1997, which permitted up to three commercial casinos in Detroit and established the gaming control board — now made up of 138 people — to regulate operations and impose taxes, the board said in a news release.

The tax rate was amended in 2004 to its current configuration of 8.1 percent to the state and 10.9 percent to the city on the casinos’ net win.

The board began issuing licenses July 28, 1999, starting with MGM Grand Detroit, then MotorCity Casino Hotel on Dec. 14, 1999, and finally Greektown Casino-Hotel on Nov. 10, 2000.

More than 1,400 businesses tied to the casinos, including 800 Michigan companies, are registered with the gaming board. About 6,800 employees at the casinos are licensed through the board.

The casinos have paid about $1.9 billion in casino tax revenue for public education and an additional $2.6 billion in wagering taxes to the city since legislation went into effect.

The gaming control board also supports a program for problem gamblers. Since the program began in 2001, more than 4,000 people have voluntarily banned themselves for life from the three casinos in Detroit.

“The casino industry will continue to change as patrons’ interests evolve and technology brings new ways to game,” the board said in the release. “The MGCB will adapt to these changes and new regulatory challenges while applying regulations reasonably, effectively and efficiently.”

The gaming control board also oversees pari-mutuel horse racing, charitable casino-style gaming and

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