Alcohol may impair tired drivers even if they aren't drunk – Reuters

Reuters Health – People with blood alcohol levels below the legal cutoff for being considered drunk may still be unsafe drivers if they’re also sleep deprived, a small experiment suggests.

Researchers tested drowsiness and attention in 16 healthy young men exposed to either sleep deprivation or alcohol consumption, or to both at once.

They found that the combination of moderate alcohol consumption – within legal limits for driving – and restricting sleep to just five hours a night produced greater drowsiness and more deficits in attention than either sleep restriction or alcohol intake alone.

The combined effects of alcohol and sleep deprivation lasted two to three hours, the study found.

“No amount of alcohol intake has been deemed safe when under the influence of sleepiness through either poor or inadequate sleep, or being awake when the body (should be) asleep at night,” said study co-author Clare Anderson of the Institute of Cognitive and Clinical Neuroscience at Monash University in Australia.

“Our take-home message would therefore be to avoid alcohol when feeling sleepy and to have a short nap before attempting to drive or undertaking any other safety critical task,” Anderson said by email.

Previous research has shown that alcohol can impair motor coordination, critical thinking skills and decision-making and may lead people to take more risks than they might while sober. Sleep deprivation, meanwhile, has been linked to distraction and delayed reaction times.

In the current experiment, men between 18 and 27 years old were assessed four times. Researchers asked the participants to rate their level of drowsiness, tested their focus and attention with eye-movement measurements, and examined their response speed to stimuli by seeing how fast they could push a button when an image flashed on a computer screen.

At

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Alcohol's CV and Cancer Risk-Balancing Act: More Evidence – Medscape

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The details behind Ric Flair scare: alcohol problems, bowel removal – New York Post

A conversation Ric Flair had a few days before his fiancée rushed him to the hospital offers a clearer picture of the former wrestler’s deteriorating health.

In an interview with Sports Illustrated last Tuesday, three days before he was hospitalized in Atlanta, Flair eerily discussed his alcohol problems that have led to health complications later in life.

“I had one vice. I’m not going to point my finger at anybody else. My vice was drinking,” he told the magazine. “I didn’t have any pain issues, addiction problems, marijuana, cocaine, nothing like that. It’s a fact that I kept myself up all night and always had a good time.”

Flair, 68, reportedly underwent surgery Monday to relieve an intestinal blockage, which required the removal of a portion of his bowel. It was originally thought the WWE legend had suffered a heart attack or received colon surgery after he was placed in a medically induced coma earlier in the week.

Flair’s fiancée, Wendy Barlow, denied those rumors Wednesday when she posted an update on her Facebook page that clarified the source of Flair’s condition and described the emotional toll the incident has taken on his family.

“Just want to give an update to my friends and Family as I have been unable to talk on the phone without crying and just feel shocked over events…,” she wrote. “I took Ric to the Hospital Friday night with Severe Abdominal pain. From that moment on it all seems like a nightmare.”

Flair’s hospital stay may last more than a month, according to Sports Illustrated, after he experienced further complications from Monday’s surgery.

Flair, whose highly successful wrestling career spanned 40 years, has opened up about his alcoholic past before this year. In his 2015 autobiography, “Ric Flair: To Be the Man,” Flair explained how his hard-partying ways

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From beer to bread and back again to solve 'the world's dumbest problem' – Washington Post

Toast beer and Regrained bars are creative ways to recycle grains (Deb Lindsey for The Washington Post).

Historians have long debated what came first, beer or bread. Both can be made relatively easily using grains, water and yeast, and they were some of the first accomplishments of agricultural societies.

Tens of thousands of years later, innovators are looking to these ancient staples to solve a modern dilemma: food waste. Brewing beer leaves behind excess grains, and bread doesn’t keep long. Rethinking how to make these and other grain-based foods is leading to some quirky and — according to our expert tasters — occasionally but not always delicious creations.

Daniel Kurzrock brewed his first beer in a friend’s apartment as a freshman at the University of California at Los Angeles. Like most serious brewers, he soon began brewing from whole malted grains instead of malt extract. Soaking barley and other grains makes them germinate. When the new seedling begins to grow, enzymes are produced that convert the grain’s starches into sugar to feed the growing plant. Shortly after germination, the grains are dried, crushed and stirred around in a hot bath. Yeast is later added to the grainy broth to make beer.

When Kurzrock drained the broth (called wort) from his first all-grain batch of home brew, he found himself faced with a 10-gallon jug full of leftover soppy grains. He threw it in the trash but felt guilty for tossing out so much food.

Meanwhile, across the country, another student bemoaned the sight of grains in the trash. “I have a poignant memory of working with this organization in Nashville,” said Madeline Holtzman, a graduate student studying food systems at New York University. She recalls a trip to Whole Foods Market where they picked

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After customer surveys, beer coming to Ohio University – ESPN

10:47 AM ET

Associated Press

ATHENS, Ohio — Ohio University will allow beer sales during football games starting this season.

The Columbus Dispatch reports that school officials announced the new policy this week.

Ohio University will join the other five Ohio Mid-American schools — not to mention Ohio State — in selling beer at football games. AP Photo/The Star Tribune, David Joles

Officials say the decision comes after feedback from customer surveys. The state’s Division of Liquor Control must issue a permit before suds can flow at Peden Stadium during Bobcat home games.

Beer won’t be sold on the student side of the stadium, but that won’t prohibit students from taking beer to their seats. Beer has been sold the previous three seasons in areas exclusive to university donors. The school will add an alcohol-free zone for fans.

Ohio’s five other Mid-American Conference schools sell beer during football games.

Ohio State University raised $1.1 million after it began selling beer throughout Ohio Stadium last season.

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